Introduction to Trusteel 3M and Steel Framed Housing
Welcome to our deep-dive into the world of steel-framed housing, setting our sights firmly on the Trusteel 3M. This blog post will guide you through the fascinating history and unique characteristics of this popular type of non-traditional housing, highlighting its distinguishing features, construction methodology, and ways to enhance energy efficiency.
To begin, let’s introduce Trusteel 3M. Developed by the Trusteel Corporation (Universal) Ltd between 1966 and 1976, around 17,000 Trusteel 3M homes were constructed, characterized by their bungalows, flats, and two-story semi-detached and terraced houses. These properties showcased a variety of external walls made from brick, concrete panel, tile hanging, or shiplap timber boarding; sometimes used in combination. The unique design was the brainchild of M R Park and C R Stapleford.
Trusteel 3M is part of the larger story of steel-framed housing, which has seen a surge in popularity in the UK. Steel won’t split, warp, or swell along roofs, ceilings, and walls, which means plasterboards aren’t prone to cracking and doors and windows don’t jam. Moreover, unlike timber, steel doesn’t deteriorate over time, helping to prevent catastrophic structural failures and creating generations of liveability. However, while steel offers longevity and is watertight, one disadvantage is that it’s not as good at stopping noise, for instance, between apartments in a building.
As we delve further into this topic, we’ll help you identify the typical features of Trusteel 3M homes, from roofing to external walls, and how to spot visible steelwork within these properties. We’ll debunk common misconceptions and errors when identifying such properties and provide notes for surveyors on inspecting Trusteel 3M. You’ll also get an in-depth look at the unique construction methodology of Trusteel 3M, including the fixing method and protection measures taken during fabrication. Lastly, we’ll address the challenge and importance of insulation in steel-framed houses, offering practical solutions for improving insulation without compromising the structure.
So, whether you’re a homebuyer, homeowner, or simply curious about non-traditional housing types, this blog post promises to be an enriching journey into the world of Trusteel 3M and steel-framed housing.
Identifying Characteristics of Trusteel 3M
Trusteel 3M homes, also known simply as Trusteel, were manufactured by Trusteel Corporation (Universal) Ltd between 1966 and 1976. These steel-framed houses can be identified through a range of distinctive features. From the characteristic designs of the bungalows, flats, and semi-detached or terraced houses to the unique roofing and external walls, these properties stand out in their architectural style.
Detailed Description of Trusteel 3M Homes
The most common architectural styles for Trusteel 3M homes include bungalows, flats, and 2-story semi-detached and terraced houses. Roofing styles can vary from a shallow pitch gable roof or monopitch covered with interlocking concrete tiles or slates, to a flat roof covered with asphalt. External walls may be constructed from brick, concrete panel, tile hanging, or shiplap timber boarding throughout or in combination. The combination of these materials gives each Trusteel 3M home a unique aesthetic appeal.
Visible Steelwork Within Trusteel 3M Properties
A key signature of a Trusteel 3M home can be found during an internal inspection. This is the visible steelwork in the roof space. This aspect of the house’s construction reveals its steel skeleton and provides an insight into the unique structure that underpins these homes. However, it’s important to note that these properties can sometimes be mistaken for Crosswall built properties due to the brickwork of the gable end wall protruding past the frontage of the property combined with surface cladding to the upper storey of vertical hung tiles, timber, or cement render.
Common Misconceptions and Errors When Identifying Trusteel 3M Properties
Due to their unique construction method, Trusteel 3M properties can be often wrongly identified. Many people may mistake these houses for traditional concrete structures despite their steel frame. This misconception may stem from the use of brick or concrete in the external walls. Another common error is mistaking them for Crosswall built properties due to similar design traits. It’s essential to pay attention to the visible steelwork in the roof space, which is a distinguishing feature of Trusteel 3M homes.
Notes for Surveyors: Inspecting Trusteel 3M
Inspecting Trusteel 3M homes involves a keen eye for detail and an understanding of the unique characteristics of steel-framed houses. This section aims to guide surveyors on the key areas to focus on, how to understand the Damp Proof Course (DPC) level, and how to differentiate between Trusteel 3M and Crosswall built properties.
Key Areas to Inspect for Corrosion in a Trusteel 3M Home
One of the primary concerns when inspecting Trusteel 3M homes is corrosion. Steel, unlike timber, is vulnerable to rust which can compromise the structural integrity of the building. Key areas to inspect for corrosion include the stanchions, floor joists, and roofing components. According to the Building Research Establishment (BRE), deterioration often occurs at these points and requires close attention during inspection.
An alternative route for inspection could be using a borescope. It’s a tiny camera on a lead that can be inserted into the cavity to view the stanchion. However, the skill is getting into the cavity at exactly the right point. Even then, the camera may not be able to get through any debris or rubble which may be present near to the stanchion base.
Understanding the Damp Proof Course (DPC) Level and Its Implications
The Damp Proof Course (DPC) level in Trusteel 3M homes also merits careful consideration. The DPC is designed to prevent moisture from rising through the structure, a problem that can lead to damp issues and potential corrosion of the steel frame. An incorrectly positioned or compromised DPC can indicate serious problems that need to be addressed.
Differentiating Between Trusteel 3M and Crosswall Built Properties
While both Trusteel 3M and Crosswall properties are non-traditional types of housing, it’s essential to distinguish between the two during inspection. Trusteel 3M homes have a distinctive construction methodology, including a specific fixing method and site protection procedures. In contrast, Crosswall construction typically involves precast concrete components. Understanding these differences can help avoid errors during the surveying process and ensure an accurate assessment of the property’s condition.
For instance, the 1960’s Trusteel 3M version was built with an improved, thicker frame than the earlier MKII, which incorporated an open lattice type frame. This kind of detailed knowledge about the evolution of Trusteel 3M homes can provide valuable context during inspections.
The Unique Construction Methodology of Trusteel 3M
When it comes to non-traditional housing, the Trusteel 3M represents a fine example of innovation, robustness and smart construction. Its unique construction methodology sets it apart in the realm of steel-framed houses.
An In-depth Look at the Fixing Method and Protection Measures Taken During Fabrication
The Trusteel 3M construction process begins with a steel channel base plate, embedded solidly into the site slab. This base plate is designed with projecting lugs that accurately locate each stanchion in its correct position. The frames are standardised, based on modular dimensions, adding an element of uniformity and consistency to the structure.
For jointing methods of main components, the fixing method of the Trusteel 3M deserves a special mention. The end of one member slides through the flange angles of the other, locking with an expanding tubular pin driven into position on-site. The space created by the insertion of the lattice web forms a predetermined gap, allowing for a self-tapping screw to be used for all fixings to the steelwork flanges. This eliminates the need for any drilling of steel members on-site.
Understanding the On-site Protection Procedures Applied to the Bases of the Stanchions
Protection measures during fabrication are key to preserving the integrity of the Trusteel 3M. After degreasing and chemically cleaning, the steel components are immersed in a zinc-chromate red-oxide base paint. They are then stoved in infrared ovens at temperatures between 350 to 400°F before fabrication. Once the small parts are fabricated into major components, they undergo a second round of dipping and stoving, ensuring optimal protection.
How Each Component of the Structure is Numbered and Delivered for Ease of Assembly
One of the fascinating aspects of Trusteel 3M’s construction methodology lies in how each component of the structure is numbered for ease of assembly. This pre-engineered approach not only simplifies the assembly process but also ensures a precision fit, reducing the risk of errors during assembly. The main components include full-length stanchions, stud-stanchions for trimmed window openings, floor beams, lintel-beams, cill struts, lateral and diagonal braces, roof rafters, collar ties, and eaves ties.
In essence, the Trusteel 3M represents a blend of innovative techniques, exceptional protection measures, and streamlined assembly processes. This unique construction methodology underscores its status as a standout choice in the realm of non-traditional housing.
Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Trusteel 3M Homes
Energy efficiency is a critical aspect of any residential construction, and Trusteel 3M homes are no exception. While steel-framed houses offer several advantages, such as speed of construction and durability, they also pose unique challenges when it comes to insulation. Let’s look at why insulation is so crucial and the common hurdles faced when insulating steel-framed houses like Trusteel 3M.
The Challenge and Importance of Insulation in Steel-Framed Houses
Steel conducts heat about 300 times more efficiently than wood, which can lead to increased energy usage for heating and cooling. This is one of the reasons why insulation is especially important in steel-framed homes. Proper insulation not only ensures comfortable indoor temperatures but also leads to significant energy savings. However, insulating steel-framed houses can be tricky due to the potential for increased noise levels and the lack of fire resistance compared to traditional concrete structures.
Practical Solutions for Improving Insulation
Despite these challenges, there are practical solutions for enhancing energy efficiency in Trusteel 3M homes without compromising their structure. For instance, cavity wall insulation, which is often avoided in steel-framed houses, can be replaced with alternative methods. One such method is using modern insulating materials on the internal walls. This technique can significantly improve the thermal performance of the house while preserving the structural integrity of the steel frame. However, it’s important to consult a professional before proceeding with such changes to ensure safety and effectiveness.
Experiences and Suggestions from Trusteel 3M Homeowners
Many Trusteel 3M homeowners have shared their experiences and insights into improving insulation. For example, one homeowner noted that the interior walls of his Trusteel 3M home appeared to be made from straw blocks, while the external walls were brick. Another homeowner suggested that external cladding might compromise the steel, while internal insulation would be a better approach. It’s worth noting, however, that every home is unique, and what works for one may not necessarily work for another. Therefore, it’s always recommended to seek professional advice tailored to your specific circumstances.
In closing, while insulating steel-framed homes like Trusteel 3M presents certain challenges, it’s not an impossible task. With the right knowledge, techniques, and expert guidance, homeowners can effectively enhance the energy efficiency of their homes and enjoy the numerous benefits that these unique properties offer.
Summary of Trusteel 3M and Steel-Framed Housing
In this exploration of Trusteel 3M and steel-framed housing, we delved into the distinctive characteristics, inspection pointers for surveyors, construction methodology, and energy efficiency approaches for these unique homes. Built by the Trusteel Corporation between 1966 and 1976, a total of about 17,000 Trusteel 3M homes have been constructed, showcasing an impressive array of features from their shallow pitch gable roof to their visible internal steelwork.
Steel-framed houses, such as the Trusteel 3M, offer incredible durability and longevity. Unlike timber, steel does not split, warp, or deteriorate over time. This quality ensures the long-term liveability of the house, while reducing the risk of structural failures. However, it’s important to note that steel-framed homes require specific attention when it comes to noise insulation and damp proof course (DPC) management.
The construction methodology of Trusteel 3M homes is fascinating to study. The use of a mild steel plate, which slides through flange angles of other members and locks with an expanding tubular pin driven on site, creates ease of assembly. The steel components are protected in the factory before and after fabrication, ensuring their resistance to corrosion and degradation.
We also discussed the challenge of enhancing energy efficiency in these homes. Since steel isn’t the best insulator, homeowners must find ways to improve insulation without compromising the structure. Thankfully, many Trusteel 3M homeowners have shared practical solutions and experiences that can guide others on the same journey.
Now, we encourage you to continue exploring more about non-traditional housing types like Trusteel 3M and steel-framed houses. These homes offer a unique blend of durability, simplicity, and innovation that traditional brick-and-mortar houses often can’t match. Share your experiences, insights, or questions about these houses, and let’s keep learning together!